- Population:1 million according to the 2019 population census.
- Water access: 71 percent of the population accessing water from improved sources.
- Latrine access: 76 percent accessing basic latrine while 20 percent accessing improved latrines.
- County water service providers: Kisumu Water and Sewerage Company, Gulf Nyahera-Mkendwa and Nyanas-Nyakach water supplies.
- Other key partners: County ministries of Environment, Health and Water, Lake Victoria Water Works Development Agency, Water Resources Authority, water resource users associations (WRUAs) and water, sanitation & hygiene (WASH) stakeholders actors.
The water and sanitation challenge
WSPs and WASH enterprises experienced different challenges ranging from dilapidated water systems, mismanagement, insufficient storage capacity and vandalism in other cases. In some WSPs such as Nyakach Water Supply, operational inefficiencies strained her operations. In addition, one third of the households (29 percent) in Nyakach, Nyando and Kisumu East sub-counties did not have toilets. This resulted in rampant cases of diarrheal illnesses, episodes of cholera epidemics and other water and sanitation-related diseases.
USAID KIWASH’s interventions
Supporting access to clean water
To increase access to clean water, KIWASH supported eight county and community water projects (Ahero Catholic, Boya, Gulf: Nyahera Mkendwa Scheme, Kisumu Informal, Masogo, Nyanas WSP: Nyakach, Nyang’oma and Sondu Miriu Right Bank water projects) through infrastructure development at a total cost of USD 1,585,620. Additionally, KIWASH incubated 31 WASH enterprises through continuous training and coaching aimed at improving and expanding their services. The technical assistance covered areas such as financial management, business operations, business planning and reporting.
Promoting access to basic and improved sanitation and hygiene
KIWASH in collaboration with the Kisumu County Government supported sanitation and hygiene interventions in Kisumu East, Nyakach and Nyando sub-counties. The support aimed at accelerating access to basic and improved sanitation in 254 villages. KIWASH also promoted low-cost sanitation products, including SAFI latrines and SATO products to enable communities to move up the sanitation ladder. As a result, KIWASH identified seven community groups to engage as suppliers of low cost improved sanitation products and trained 46 artisans on the construction of SAFI latrines.
Promoting environmental sustainability
In the county, KIWASH worked with the county departments of water and environment to promote source water protection activities, improve institutional capacity to assess and address climate change risks, and increase the capacity of community groups to manage and expand sub-catchment areas. This involved working with five WRUAs (Awach Seme, Lielango, Kisat, Lower Asao B and Kibos) to build their capacity to perform catchment area protection.
- 173,747 people accessing basic and improved water courtesy of USAID’s assistance.
- 40,830 people accessing basic and improved sanitation.
- 254 villages declared as open defecation free in three sub-counties (Kisumu East 30, Nyando 174 and Nyakach 50).
- 8 springs (Anguom Ywak, Donde, Kodongo, Odundu, Odundu, Siala, Uradi and Ywari) protected to improve water access.
- 2 tree nurseries established at Kisat and Kibos WRUAs.
The county in numbers