- Population: 1,116,432 people according to the 2019 population census.
- Water access: 37 percent of the population accessing water from improved sources.
- Latrine access: 77 percent accessing basic latrine while 20 percent accessing improved latrines.
- County water service providers: Migori Water Company (MIWASCO) and Nyasare Water and Sanitation Company.
- Other key partners: County ministries of Environment, Health and Water, Water Resources Authority, water resource users associations (WRUAs) and water, sanitation & hygiene (WASH) stakeholders actors.
The water and sanitation challenge
Despite the endowment with vast water sources, access to safe water is low with most people in households relying on open water sources for domestic use and consumption. The two WSPs suffered operational inefficiencies, including high non-revenue water levels, estimated at 65 percent. In terms of sanitation, more than one in four communities in the county lacked latrines and other basic sanitation services. Without toilets, open defecation was prevalent, leading to high rates of diarrheal disease and other illnesses.
USAID KIWASH’s interventions
Supporting access to clean water
KIWASH started by understanding the existing gaps in water service delivery in both the rural and urban areas through targeted assessments. The findings necessitated support to develop MIWASCO’s 5-year Strategic Plan 2017/2021 on investment priorities, trained the WSP and WASH enterprises staff on various management areas to strengthen effectiveness in operations. Additionally, KIWASH supported four county and community water projects (Midida, Muhuru, Ndiwa and Sare Awendo) through infrastructure development at a total cost of USD 640,053.
Promoting access to basic and improved sanitation and hygiene
In the county, KIWASH working together with department of public health rolled out community led total sanitation interventions in Rongo, Suna West and Nyatike sub-counties. This targeted 240 villages with low latrine coverage and assisting them with strategies to achieve open defecation free (ODF) status. Further, to help communities rise up the sanitation ladder, KIWASH introduced sanitation marketing in ODF villages by promoting SATO products and SAFI latrines. KIWASH trained 34 artisans, 53 community health volunteers and 34 ministry of health staff to scale up community demand of SATO products.
Promoting environmental sustainability
KIWASH supported source water protection to increase access to clean and safe water through an integrated approach that ensured environmental sustainability. The support saw protection of 10 springs, forged partnerships with local resource users and policy level institutions to improve water source catchments and collaborated with Hibwa, Korondo Nyasare, Lower Gucha and Lower Oyani WRUAS to increase their geographical area of service. Besides KIWASH built the capacity of sector institutions to incorporate current and potential future impacts of climate change and variability in planning, maintaining and delivering of WASH services.
- 50,027 people accessing basic and improved water courtesy of USAID’s assistance.
- 22,315 people accessing basic and improved sanitation.
- 232 villages declared as open defecation free in three sub-counties (Nyatike, Rongo and Suna West).
- 10 springs (Duya, Kemaitaria Omagoko, Kemogendi, Kemokami, Kochieng, Kotol, Koyoma, Kwiporojo, Remachoki and Renyagimonge) protected to improve water access.
- 2 tree nurseries established at Hibwa and Korondo-Nyasare WRUAs.
The county in numbers