- Population: 4,397,073 people according to the 2019 population census.
- Water access: 84 percent of the population accessing water from improved sources.
- Latrine access: 76 percent connected to the main sewer while 19 percent accessing basic latrine.
- County water service providers: Nairobi City Water and Sewerage Company (NCWSC).
- Other key partners: County ministries of Health and Water and water, sanitation & hygiene (WASH) stakeholders actors.
The water and sanitation challenge
The high growth rate – more than 2.5 times the global urban rate – strains the city’s existing water and sewerage infrastructure. A third of the city’s population lives in informal settlements or slums, where many lack access to clean water and improved sanitation facilities. KIWASH found that the NCWSC suffered poor water quality, intermittent water shortages and high non-revenue water. Private WASH enterprises complemented the main utility in water service delivery. The enterprises were managed by volunteers or staff with low technical capacity. The enterprises also suffered poor infrastructure and unfair competition by cartels. Under sanitation and hygiene, about 61.5 per cent of the population use flush toilets as the main waste disposal method, while 32.1 percent use pit latrines. The rest of the population, approximately 4.8 percent have no means of waste disposal.
USAID KIWASH’s interventions
Supporting access to clean water
In Nairobi, KIWASH rolled out tailor made interventions such as training, coaching and mentoring coupled with strategic infrastructure investments to increase access to basic drinking water. The support saw 628 staff from NCWSC and WASH enterprises trained on business and financial planning, customer services and product development, technical operations and administration. Further, KIWASH supported four community water projects (Geosemic Water Company, Katwekera Tosha Network, Little Sisters of St. Francis Water Supply and Soweto High Rise) through infrastructure development at a total cost of USD 290,744.
Expanding sanitation services through strategic financing
KIWASH facilitated the development of the final draft of the Nairobi City County Sanitation Revolving Fund Policy, Bill and Regulations. The fund aims to address the challenge of insufficient investment in sewerage infrastructure despite a fast growing population in underserved areas in Nairobi. Through the fund, the county government mobilized private and public funds to improve and expand sanitation services. The final draft document is ready for presentation to the County Executive for approval following which it will be presented to the county assembly for legislation. In addition, 5,890 people adopted handwashing with soap during critical times while 6,425 people adopted safe treatment of household drinking water.
- 107,605 people accessing basic and improved water courtesy of USAID’s assistance.
- 1,210 gained access to improved sanitation or a shared sanitation facility.
The county in numbers